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قديم 10 - 12 - 2011, 23:58
الصورة الرمزية قاهر الاعداء
قاهر الاعداء غير متصل
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افتراضي المرجع الشامل لمسارات cPanel/WHM










المرجع الشامل لمسارات cPanel/WHM

بناء ملف cpanel بعد تنصيبها يكون كالتالى :-




كود:
/usr/local/cpanel
+ 3rdparty/ – tools like fantastico, mailman files are located here
+ addons/ – AdvancedGuestBook, phpBB etc
+ base/ – phpmyadmin, squirrelmail, skins, webmail etc
+ bin/ – cpanel binaries
+ cgi-sys/ – cgi files like cgiemail, formmail.cgi, formmail.pl etc
+ logs/ – cpanel access log and error log
+ whostmgr/ – whm related files



الملفات الخاصة ب WHM تكون كالتالي


كود:
/var/cpanel – whm files
+ bandwidth/ – rrd files of domains
+ username.accts – reseller accounts are listed in this files
+ packages – hosting packages are listed here
+ root.accts – root owned domains are listed here
+ suspended – suspended accounts are listed here
+ users/ – cpanel user file – theme, bwlimit, addon, parked, sub-domains all are listed in this files
+ zonetemplates/ – dns zone template files are taken from here




سكربت الخاصة داخل cPanel


كود:
cpanel/whm Scripts are located in /scripts/
+ addns – add a dns zone
+ addfpmail – Add frontpage mail extensions to all domains without them
+ addfpmail2 -Add frontpage mail extensions to all domains without them
+ addnetmaskips – Add the netmask 255.255.255.0 to all IPs that have no netmask
+ addnobodygrp – Adds the gorup nobody and activates security
+ addpop – add a pop account
+ addservlets – Add JSP support to an account (requires tomcat)
+ addstatus – (Internal use never called by user)
+ adduser – Add a user to the system
+ bandwidth – (OLD)
+ betaexim – Installs the latest version of exim
+ biglogcheck – looks for logs nearing 2 gigabytes in size
+ bsdcryptoinstall – Installs crypto on FreeBSD
+ bsdldconfig – Configures the proper lib directories in FreeBSD
+ bsdpkgpingtest – Tests the connection speed for downloading FreeBSD packages
+ buildbsdexpect – Install expect on FreeBSD
+ builddomainaddr – (OLD)
+ buildeximconf – Rebuilds exim.conf
+ buildpostgrebsd-dev – Installs postgresql on FreeBSD.
+ chcpass – change cpanel passwords
+ easyapache – recompile/upgrade apache and/or php
+ exim4 – reinstall exim and fix permissions
+ fixcommonproblems – fixes most common problems
+ fixfrontpageperm – fixes permission issues with Front Page
+ fixmailman – fixes common mailman issues
+ fixnamed – fixes common named issues
+ fixndc – fixes rndc errors with named
+ fixquotas – fixes quota problems
+ fullhordereset – resets horde database to a fresh one – all previous user data are lost
+ initquotas – initializes quotas
+ installzendopt – installs zend optimizer
+ killacct – terminate an account – make sure you take a backup of the account first
+ mailperm – fixes permission problems with inboxes
+ park – to park a domain
+ pkgacct – used to backup an account
+ restartsrv – restart script for services
+ restorepkg – restores an account from a backup file ( pkgacct file)
+ runlogsnow – update logs of all users
+ runweblogs – update stats for a particular user
+ securetmp – secures /tmp partition with options nosuexec and nosuid
+ suspendacct – suspends an account
+ unsuspendacct – unsuspends a suspended account
+ upcp – updates cpanel to the latest version
+ updatenow – updates the cpanel scripts
+ updateuserdomains – updates userdomain entries





أهم الملفات الخاصة بcPanel/WHM


كود:
/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf – apache configuration file
/etc/exim.conf – mail server configuration file
/etc/named.conf – name server (named) configuration file
/etc/proftpd.conf – proftpd server configuration file
/etc/pure-ftpd.conf – pure-ftpd server configuration file
/etc/valiases/domainname – catchall and forwarders are set here
/etc/vfilters/domainname – email filters are set here
/etc/userdomains – all domains are listed here – addons, parked,subdomains along with their usernames
/etc/localdomains – exim related file – all domains should be listed here to be able to send mails
/var/cpanel/users/username – cpanel user file
/var/cpanel/cpanel.config – cpanel configuration file ( Tweak Settings )*
/etc/cpbackup-userskip.conf -
/etc/sysconfig/network – Networking Setup*
/etc/hosts -
/var/spool/exim -
/var/spool/cron -
/etc/resolv.conf – Networking Setup–> Resolver Configuration
/etc/nameserverips – Networking Setup–> Nameserver IPs ( FOr resellers to give their nameservers )
/var/cpanel/resellers – For addpkg, etc permissions for resellers.
/etc/chkserv.d – Main >> Service Configuration >> Service Manager *
/var/run/chkservd – Main >> Server Status >> Service Status *
/var/log/dcpumon – top log process
/root/cpanel3-skel – skel directory. Eg: public_ftp, public_html. (Account Functions–>Skeleton Directory )*
/etc/wwwacct.conf – account creation defaults file in WHM (Basic cPanel/WHM Setup)*
/etc/cpupdate.conf – Update Config *
/etc/cpbackup.conf – Configure Backup*
/etc/clamav.conf – clamav (antivirus configuration file )
/etc/my.cnf – mysql configuration file
/usr/local/Zend/etc/php.ini OR /usr/local/lib/php.ini – php configuration file
/etc/ips – ip addresses on the server (except the shared ip) (IP Functions–>Show IP Address Usage )*
/etc/ipaddrpool – ip addresses which are free
/etc/ips.dnsmaster – name server ips
/var/cpanel/Counters – To get the counter of each users.
/var/cpanel/bandwidth – To get bandwith usage of domain




ملفات الخدمات التى داخل cPnel




كود:
Apache
=======
/usr/local/apache
+ bin- apache binaries are stored here – httpd, apachectl, apxs
+ conf – configuration files – httpd.conf
+ cgi-bin
+ domlogs – domain log files are stored here
+ htdocs
+ include – header files
+ libexec – shared object (.so) files are stored here – libphp4.so,mod_rewrite.so
+ logs – apache logs – access_log, error_log, suexec_log
+ man – apache manual pages
+ proxy -
+ icons -
 
Init Script :/etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd – apache start script
Cpanel script to restart apache – /scripts/restartsrv_httpd
 
Exim
=====
Conf : /etc/exim.conf – exim main configuration file
/etc/localdomains – list of domains allowed to relay mail
Log : /var/log/exim_mainlog – incoming/outgoing mails are logged here
/var/log/exim_rejectlog – exim rejected mails are reported here
/exim errors are logged here
Mail queue: /var/spool/exim/input
Cpanel script to restart exim – /scripts/restartsrv_exim
Email forwarders and catchall address file – /etc/valiases/domainname.com
Email filters file – /etc/vfilters/domainname.com
POP user authentication file – /home/username/etc/domainname/passwd
catchall inbox – /home/username/mail/inbox
POP user inbox – /home/username/mail/domainname/popusername/inbox
POP user spambox – /home/username/mail/domainname/popusername/spam
Program : /usr/sbin/exim (suid – -rwsr-xr-x 1 root root )
Init Script: /etc/rc.d/init.d/exim
 
ProFTPD
========
Program :/usr/sbin/proftpd
Init Script :/etc/rc.d/init.d/proftpd
Conf: /etc/proftpd.conf
Log: /var/log/messages, /var/log/xferlog
FTP accounts file – /etc/proftpd/username – all ftp accounts for the domain are listed here
 
Pure-FTPD
=========
Program : /usr/sbin/pure-ftpd
Init Script :/etc/rc.d/init.d/pure-ftpd
Conf: /etc/pure-ftpd.conf
Anonymous ftp document root – /etc/pure-ftpd/ip-address
 
Frontpage Extensions
=================
Program – (Install): /usr/local/frontpage/version5.0/bin/owsadm.exe
Uninstall and then install for re-installations
FP files are found as _vti-bin, _vti-pvt, _vti-cnf, vti-log inside the public_html
 
Mysql
=======
Program : /usr/bin/mysql
Init Script : /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql
Conf : /etc/my.cnf, /root/.my.cnf
Data directory – /var/lib/mysql – Where all databases are stored.
Database naming convention – username_dbname (eg: john_sales)
Permissions on databases – drwx 2 mysql mysql
Socket file – /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock, /tmp/ mysql.sock
 
SSHD
======
Program :/usr/local/sbin/sshd
Init Script :/etc/rc.d/init.d/sshd
/etc/ssh/sshd_config
Log: /var/log/messages
 
Perl
====
Program :/usr/bin/perl
Directory :/usr/lib/perl5/5.6.1/
 
PHP
====
 
Program :/usr/local/bin/php, /usr/bin/php
ini file: /usr/local/lib/php.ini – apache must be restarted after any change to this file
php can be recomplied using /scripts/easyapache
 
Named(BIND)
============
Program: /usr/sbin/named
Init Script: /etc/rc.d/init.d/named
/etc/named.conf
db records:/var/named/
/var/log/messages



hglv[u hgahlg glshvhj cPanelLWHM

 
 
 
 
 





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